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What are drum rudiments and what are they meant for in modern drumming?
Drummer FAQ, Learn Drum Rudiments
What are drum rudiments and what are they meant for in modern drumming?

What are drum rudiments?

Keno Hellmann


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Good morning, and thanks a lot for joining me on!

Today, we are going to explore the world of drum rudiments.
We will take a look at what they exactly are, what they are being used for in modern drumming and how to practice them.

What are drum rudiments?

Drum rudiments are the building blocks of drumming techniques.
You can download a free PDF containing all 40 drum rudiments here.

There are 40 official drum rudiments to be practiced.
All 40 drum rudiments on a free PDF.

In case you just started playing drums, you should try these basic drum rudiments for beginners.

Drum rudiments are a set of standardized patterns and exercises that drummers practice (mainly with their hands, but also with their feet) developing their skills, speed, and coordination on the drum set.

These rudiments consist of various combinations of strokes and movements, such as single strokes, double strokes, paradiddles, and flams, among many others.

Each drum rudiment has its own unique sticking pattern and rhythm, which drummers learn and then apply in their playing. By practicing these rudiments, drummers improve their control, speed, and precision on the drum set. They provide a foundation for creativity and expression, allowing drummers to create unique rhythms and fills.

So, whether you’re a beginner or an experienced drummer, incorporating drum rudiments into your practice routine is essential for honing your drumming skills and expanding your musical vocabulary.

How many drum rudiments are there?

There are 40 drum rudiments split into the following 4 main categories:

I. Roll Rudiments

1. Single Stroke Roll

2. Single Stroke Four

3. Single Stroke Seven

4. Multiple Bounce Roll

5. Triple Stroke Roll

6. Double Stroke Roll

7. Five Stroke Roll

8. Six Stroke Roll

9. Seven Stroke Roll

10. Nine Stroke Roll

11. Ten Stroke Roll

12. Eleven Stroke Roll

13. Thirteen Stroke Roll

14. Fifteen Stroke Roll

15. Seventeen Stroke Roll

II. Diddle Rudiments

16. Single Paradiddle

17. Double Paradiddle

18. Triple Paradiddle

19. Single Paradiddle-Diddle

III. Flam Rudiments

20. Flam

21. Flam Accent

22. Flam Tap

23. Flamacue

24. Flam Paradiddle

25. Single Flammed Mill

26. Flam Paradiddle-Diddle

27. Pataflafla

28. Swiss Army Triplet

29. Inverted Flam Tap

30. Flam Drag

IV. Drag Rudiments

31. Drag

32. Single Drag Tap

33. Double Drag Tap

34. Lesson 25

35. Single Dragadiddle

36. Drag Paradiddle #1

37. Drag Paradiddle #2

What is a paradiddle in drumming?

The single paradiddle is a fundamental drum rudiment that consists of four alternating strokes:

Right, Left, Right, Right and Left, Right, Left, Left.

It is commonly used in drumming patterns and fills to create rhythmic variations and add flair to drum beats. Incorporating paradiddles into your drumming repertoire can enhance your coordination, speed, and creativity on the drum set.

What you need to practice drum rudiments

Before you start practicing drum rudiments, you should have the following items at hand:

  1. Drumsticks – like these
  2. Drum Practice Pad – like this or a Snare Drum
  3. Metronome – like this or as an app for your smartphone
  4. Ear Protection – like these earplugs for musicians or earmuffs – like these (if you practice on a snare drum)

The best drumsticks for practicing drum rudiments

Whether you are trying to find the best drumsticks for your child, for a teenager or for yourself as an adult, I would recommend buying at least 2 pairs of different types of drumsticks.

For example:

  1. Vic Firth 5A American Classic – Click here to buy
  2. Vic Firth 5B American Classic – Click here to buy

These two pairs of drumsticks come in different diameters whereas the 5B is thicker than the 5A.
If your child is younger than 6-years old you should aim for a pair of kid’s drumsticks – like these.

What’s a Drum Practice Pad for?

A drum practice pad is a must-have for drummers who want to improve their skills.
It provides a portable and quiet alternative to a drum set, allowing drummers to practice anytime and anywhere.

The practice pad mimics the surface and feel of a drum, enabling drummers to work on their rudiments and hand techniques with precision. By practicing on a drum practice pad, drummers can develop their control, speed, and accuracy, which ultimately helps them become better drummers.

So, owning a drum practice pad is highly recommended for any drummer looking to enhance their skills and master drum rudiments.

Why a metronome is important for practicing drum rudiments

A metronome is very useful to gain proper timing and rhythm when practicing drum rudiments.

It helps to keep a consistent tempo and ensures that you are playing in time with the beat. This is crucial for developing precision and accuracy in your drumming.

By using a metronome, you can gradually increase the tempo and challenge yourself to play faster and more complex patterns.

It also helps to develop your internal sense of timing, which is essential when playing with other musicians or in a band setting.

Overall, incorporating a metronome into your drum practice routine will greatly enhance your drumming skills and make you a more versatile and reliable drummer.

Use ear protection! (if you practice on a snare drum)

Ear protection is important for any drummer to prevent hearing damage caused by prolonged exposure to loud music and drumming.

There are various types of ear protection available for musicians, such as earplugs and earmuffs. These help to reduce the volume of sound reaching the ears, protecting them from potential harm.

By using ear protection, drummers can preserve their hearing and prevent conditions like tinnitus and hearing loss. So, it’s crucial for drummers to prioritize their hearing health by using appropriate ear protection while playing or practicing.

Have you started practicing drum rudiments?

Now it’s your turn!
Please let me know if you have already started practicing drum rudiments. What’s your favorite rudiment? Maybe the Single Paradiddle, a Five Stroke Roll or even a Pataflala?

Please let me know in the comments below and also mention how often you practice drum rudiments.

Talk soon!

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